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2015年10自学考试00015《英语(二)》真题

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第一部分 选择题(共20分)


一、阅读判断(第1-10题,每题1分,共10分)


下面的短文后列出了十个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C,并在“答题卡”上将相应字母涂黑。


Henry Ford


Manypeople believe henry fordinvented the automobile (汽车), but hennery ford didn’t start tobuild his first car until1896. That was eleven years after two Germansdeveloped the world’s firstautomobile. Many people believe henry ford inventedthe production line thatmoved a car’s parts to the worker, instead of makingthe worker move to theparts. That is not true, either. Many factory ownersused methods of this kindbefore ford. What henry ford did was to use otherpeople’s ideas and make thembetter. And he made the whole factory a movingproduction line.


Inthe early days of theautomobile, almost every car maker raced his cars. It wasthe best way ofgaining public notice. Henry ford decided to build a racing car.Ford’s mostfamous race was his first one. It was also the last race in which hedrove thecar himself.


Therace was in 1901, at a fieldnear Detroit. All of the most famous cars hadentered, but only two were left:the Winton and Ford’s. The Winton was famousfor its speed. Most people thoughtthe race was over before it began. The Wintontook an early lead. But halfwaythrough the race, it began to lose power. Fordstarted to gain. And near theend of the race, he took the lead. Ford won therace and defeated the Winton. Hisname appeared in newspapers and he becamewell-known all over the United States.


Withinweeks of the race, henryford formed a new automobile company. In 1903, a doctorin Detroit bought thefirst car from the company. That sale was the beginning ofhenry ford’s dream.Ford said, “I will build a motor car for the great mass ofpeople. It will belarge enough for the family, but small enough for one personto operate andcare for. It will be built of the best materials. It will bebuilt by the bestmen to be employed. And it will be built with the simplestplans that modernengineering can produce.


1Henry Ford built the world’sfirst automobile.


A.True B.False C. Not given


2Henry Ford invented theproduction line method.


A.True B.False C. Not given


3Henry Ford joined the car race tomake his car known by public.


A.True B.False C. Not given


4Henry Ford raced his car himselfonly once all his life.


A.True B.False C. Not given


5 Theford was much safer than the Winton.


A .True B.False C. Not given


6Many people thought ford wouldwin the race.


A.True B.False C. Not given


7Millions of people were excitedabout the race.


A.True B.False C. Not given


8Ford led the race from the verybeginning of the race.


A.True B.False C. Not given


9Henry Ford formed a newautomobile company in 1901.


A.True B.False C. Not given


10henry ford produced cars of thelowest price in the world.


A.True B.False C. Not given


二、阅读选择(第11-15题,每题2分,共10分)


阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A,B,C,D,)中选出1个最佳选项,并在“答题卡”上将相应字母涂黑。


Body language


Bodylanguage is theunspoken communication that goes on in every face-to-faceencounter withanother human being. It tells you their true feelings towards youand how wellyour words are being received. Between 50%-100% of our message iscommunicatedthrough our body language. Only 7%-10% is the result of actualwords we use ina conversation.


Eye contact is one of the most important waysof dealing with others, especiallypeople we’ve just met. Keep good eye contactshows respect and interest in whatthey have to say. In the UK, people tend tokeep eye contact around 60%-70% ofthe time. (However, there are wide culturaldifferences, so be careful in othercountries.) By doing this, you give them afeeling of comfort and real warmth. Otherwise,they will feel you are lackinginterest in them or their conversation.


Head position is a great one to play aroundwith yourself and others, when youwant to feel confident and self-assured,keep your head level both straight andupright. You can also use this straighthead position when you want to bepowerful and what you are saying be to takenseriously. If you want to befriendly, tilt(倾斜)your head just a little to oneside or other.


Hand gestures are so many and varied thatit’s hard to give a brief guide, buthere goes. Palms(手掌) slightly up and outward is seenas openand friendly. Palm-down gestures are generally seen as commanding,emphasizingand possibly aggressive (挑衅的). This palm-up, palm-down isveryimportant when it comes to handshaking and we suggest you always offerahandshake upright, which should convey equality.


Distance from others is crucial if you wantto give off the right signals. Standtoo close and you’ll be marked as“stubborn” (顽固的,棘手的).Stand or sit too faraway and you’ll be “keeping your distance”. Neither is whatwe want, so observehow close all the other people are to each other if in agroup. Also notice ifyou move closer to someone and they back away. You’reprobably a bit too muchin their personal space, their comfort zone.


11.Bodylanguage is important in face-to-face communicationbecause_________________.


A. it is unspoken in conversations B. ittells people’s true feelings


C. itreceivers our words very well D.itexpresses 7 --10% of meaning


12.We keep eye contact in conversations to_________________.


A. attractothers’ attention B. catch upwithothers


C. understandothers fully D. pay respecttoothers


13.Ifyour head is moved a little to one side, itmeans you_________________.


A. feelconfident B. feel powerful


C. areserious D. are friendly


14.Which of the following is considered as a friendlygesture?


A. Palmsslightlyup. B. Palmsslightlydown


C. Standingclose to others D. Standingawayfrom others


15.Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?


A. More thanhalf of our meaning is expressed by body language.


B. keeping eyecontact with others is a sign of confidence.


C. It issuggested to have a handshake upright with others.


D. It’s betterto see how close other people stand from each other.


第二部分 非选择题(共80分)


三、概括段落大意和补全句子(第16-25题,每题1分,共10分)


阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的两项测试任务:(1)从第16-20题后所给的6个选项中为第①--⑤段每段选择一个正确的小标题;(2)从第21-25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在“非选择题”答题区内


Have a safe trip


1Peoplevisit other countries for many reasons. Some travel on business; otherstravelto visit interesting places that are only found in other countries, suchas theTaji Mahal (泰姬陵) in India, or the temples of Thailand.


2 Whereveryou go, and for whatever reason, it is important to be safe. Atourist canattract a lot of attention from local people. While the majority ofpeople youwill meet when traveling are sure to be friendly and welcoming, therearedangers—theft being the most common. Just as in your home country, donotexpect everyone you meet to be friendly and helpful.


3As youprepare for your trip, make sure you have the right paperwork. You don’twantto get to your destination only to find you have the wrong visa, or worse,thatyour passport is about to expire (期满,失效). Also,make sure you travelwith proper medical insurance, so that if you are sick orinjured during yourtravels, you will be able to get treatment. If you want todrive while you areabroad, make sure you have an international driver’slicense.


4 Buy aguidebook and read about the local customs of the country you are goingto. Doas the romans do, and you will save yourself a lot of trouble.Besides,learning in advance can help you understand the local culture betterwhen youare there. Also, try to learn a few basic words and phrase----don’tassume thatthe local people will speak you language.


5 When youget to your destination, use official transport. Always go to bus andtaxistands; don’t accept rides from strangers who offer you a lift. If there isnometer(表)in the taxi, agree on a price before you get in. if you preferto stay in cheaphotels when traveling, make sure you can lock the door of yourroom from theinside. If you are traveling with valuables such as jewelry, or alot of cash,you should ask about a safe(保险箱) forstoring them in.


Task1


A. Dangers in travelingB. Benefits from travelingC Reasons fortravellingD. Transport during travelingE. Important papers fortravelingF. Learning customs before travelling


16.Paragraph①:


17.Paragraph②:


18.paragraph③:


19.paragraph④:


20.Paragraph⑤:


Task2


21 Ifonetravels in a foreign country, the local people probably will givehim____________.


22 inourhome country, there are also_____________.


23peoplewith international drivers’ licenses can _________________.


24 wewillhave less troubles in others countries if we can _________________.


25whenyou are carrying much money with you, it’s better to __________________.


Atake a taxi


B drive abroad


C ask for a safe


D a lot of attention


E unfriendlypeople


F follow their customs


四、填句补文(第26-30题,每题2分,共10分)


下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区作答。


Friendshipof American Style


Steve and Yaser first met in their chemistryclass at an American university.Yaser was an international student fromJordan. He was excited to get to know anAmerican. Yaser hoped that he and Stevewould become good friends.


As first, Steve seemed very friendly. Healways greeted Yaser warmly beforeclass. Sometimes he offered to study with Yaser.___________26____________. Butafter the semester was over, Steve seemed moredistant. One day Yasser decidedto call Steve. Steve didn’t seem veryinterested in talking to him. Yaser washurt by Steve’s change of attitude.


Yaser is a little confuse. He is an outsiderto American culture.________27_________. Americans view the word “friend” in avery general way.Americans have school friends, work friends, sports friendsand neighborhoodfriends. __________28____________. When the shared activityends, the friendshipmay fade. Now Steve and Yaser are no longer classmates,their friendship haschanged.


In some cultures friendship means a stronglife-long bond between two people. Inthese cultures friendships developslowly, since they are built to last. _________29__________.American societyis one of those rapid changes. Studies show that one out offive Americanfamilies moves very year.


People from the United States may at firstseem friendly. Americans often chateasily with strangers. They exchangeinformation about their families, hobbiesand work. They may smile warmly andsay,” have a nice day” or “see you later.”Schoolmates may say,” let’s gettogether sometime.”_____________30_____________.


A.However,American friendships develop quickly, and they may change just asquickly.


B.Americansdo value friendship, but they won’t trust you completely.


C.Thesefriendships are based on common interests.


D.Hedoesn’t understand the way Americans view friendship.


E.ButAmerican friendliness is not always an offer of true friendship.


F.Heeven invited Yaser to have lunch with him.


五、填词补文(第31—40题,每题1.5分,共15分)


下面的短文有10出空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区内作答。


The History of English


The history of the English language beganover 1500 years ago in the north ofEurope. Around the fifth century A.D.,tribes (部落) ofpeople ____31_____asthe Angels, Saxons and Jutes traveled west from Germany andDenmark _____32_____the North Sea. They settled in Britain, and by the lateseventh century, theystarted _____33_____ an early form of English.


In the late eighth century, the Vikingsattacked England. Fighting ____34____for almost two hundred years, during thistime, many Latin, Danish, and Norsewords entered the English language. Latingave English words like kitchen andcup. From Danish and Norse, Englishborrowed words___35___ skin and leg. Manywords of similar meanings from the Norselanguage became integrated intoEnglish, for example, wrath (English), anger(Norse); sick (English), ill(Norse).


In 1066, the Normans conquered England.French became the language of thewealthy and powerful, and English was spokenmostly by ____36___ people. In thelate fourteenth century, English became thefirst language again. By this time,many words used in English ___37_____ fromFrench or Latin, and a lot of theearly words no longer ___38____.


In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries,people became_____39____ in theclassics. At this time, words from Latin andGreek were included in the Englishlanguage. A lot of words, or parts of words,from those languages are used inmodern English.


Today, English has loaned words from many ofthe world’s languages. You can____40_____ find that a word used in English mayfirst come from your nativelanguage.


A.poorer E.came I like


B.existed F.popular J. known


C.easily G.interested K. speaking


D.probably H.across L. continued


六、完形补文(第41—50题,每题1.5分,共15分)


下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白处的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区内作答。


Technology


Technology is the application(应用) of knowledge toproduction. Thanks tomodern technology, we have been able to increase _____41___(great) theefficiency of our work force. New machines and new methods have helpedcut downtime and expense while ____42____ (increase) overall output. Thishas_____43___(mean) more production and a higher standard of living.


Willmankind continue to livelonger and have a ____44____ (high) quality of lifethan before? To large extent,the answer ____45___ (depend) on technology andour ability to use it widely.If we keep ___46___ (make) progress as we haveover the past fifty years, theanswer is definitely yes. The advancement oftechnology depends upon researchand ___47_____(develop).


Therefore,when we need new____48____( skill) on techniques in medicine, people will startdeveloping newtechnology to meet those needs. As equipment proves to be slow orinefficient,new machines will be ____49___ (invent). Technology responds to ourneeds in____50___ (help) us maintain our standard of living.


七、短文写作(第51题,30分)


请根据要求撰写一篇120词左右的英语短文。将短文写在“非选择题”答题区内。


Withthe coming of internet, more and more people make online friends. Canpeople find true friends online? What’s your opinion? Please give atleast two reasons to support your idea.

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